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Exploring the Role of Covenant Today

Today, the topic of covenant evokes strong emotions among many Christians. Why does the idea of being in covenant with God today upset some individuals? In this article, we’re exploring the role of covenant today.

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Take a listen. . .

The premise for this article is that Christians today are in a New Covenant with Christ because we are living in the New Covenant age.

The Biblical Worldview Definition of Covenant

Strong’s Concordance

The Bible is a primary source, so we’re turning to God’s Holy Word as the primary source for this topic at hand. Also, we’ll be utilizing a concordance to help with the Greek word for testament:

Diathēkē: II. a compact, a covenant, a testament.”

-Blue Letter Bible, Strong’s G1242

Webster’s 1828 American Dictionary of the English Language

2. The name of each general division of the canonical books of the sacred Scriptures; as the Old Testament; the New testament The name is equivalent to covenant, and in our use of it, we apply it to the books which contain the old and new dispensations; that of Moses, and that of Jesus Christ.”

Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

Divisions of the Bible

In many Bibles the cover pages for the two divisions of the Bible are titled “Old Testament” and “New Testament.” As already addressed, testament is another word for covenant. They can be used interchangeably.

It seems to be a disservice to Christians for the two divisions of the Bible to be termed as testaments vs. covenants. In our day and age, testament often paints the picture of someone’s testimony—one’s word about an account.

While the second division of the Bible does contain testimonies, its central theme is about salvation that comes through the Lord Jesus Christ. It’s about the New Covenant because of Him. Within the pages of the New Testament/Covenant, we learn how God wants us to live.

The New Covenant Age

We’re in the New Covenant Age and that’s because of the work Jesus Christ did on the cross.

When an individual converts to Christ a transaction is made. The individual receives Holy Spirit. That is a transaction that happens between God and the believing individual.

Because of this covenant with Christ we are made a new creation in Christ. We’re changed from the inside out as Holy Spirit regenerates us throughout our lives and as our minds are renewed by God’s Word.

That change within us has an outworking. We think differently than those of the world. Thereby, we live differently as we choose to govern ourselves under God.

Thinking with a renewed mind, being changed internally, and living differently are effects of being in covenant with Christ.

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Covenant, Christ, and History

On World History

In his book, The Biblical Structure of History: the Unfolding of God’s Redemptive Purposes (PDF) Gary North states,

“There is a single theme for all of human history after the fall of man: the transition from wrath to grace. The basis of grace is the spread of the gospel of Jesus Christ. This is the offer of redemption to individuals and institutions. Wherever sin is present, the gospel offers redemption. Sin is present in every institution. Sin is present in every society. Mankind and mankind’s works are under sin, and therefore mankind and mankind’s works are subject to redemption by the grace of God.

“This view of history is anathema to humanist historians. It testifies to God’s providential control over history. It also testifies to a final judgement. Humanist historians prefer to argue that history has no structure. However, if mankind’s history has no structure, then there is no such thing as a universal history. There can be regional histories, up to and including Western civilization, but there cannot be a universal history.”

The Biblical Structure of History ©2022 by Gary North, p. 11

On Worldviews

In the same book Gary North notes:

“My book is about the debate between covenant-keepers and covenant-breakers over the foundation of history, the understanding of history, the laws of history, the meaning of history, the scope of history, and the future of history. Covenant-keepers and covenant-breakers have radically different views on these issues. That is because they have radically different definitions of God, man, law, sanctions, and time. They operate in rival covenantal structures.

“Most covenant-keepers are naive about the irreconcilable warfare between covenant-keepers and covenant-breakers. Covenant-keepers have adopted the official doctrine of the covenant-breakers: the myth of neutrality. Jesus was clear that there can be no neutrality regarding Him. “He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.” (Mathew 12:30)”

The Biblical Structure of History ©2022 by Gary North, p. 12, 13

Covenant-Keepers Disciple

It’s amazing to me how some who claim Christianity are vehemently against the thought of the Pilgrims being in covenant with God. Additionally, they’re adamant that America is not, cannot, and ought not to be a Christian or Biblical form of government.

The Pilgrims came westward to share the Gospel and to disciple new believers in the Christian faith. Because they were in covenant with God, they knew that the Gospel is for all of mankind. Additionally, they comprehended the importance of discipling nations as Christ commanded

In Matthew 28:19-20 Jesus teaches us:

19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.”

-King James Version

Despite that commandment, some Christians’ worldview is that subjects and the spheres of life are neutral. They believe in a sacred-secular divide. Such thinking is Platonic thinking; it is not Biblical thinking and reasoning.

Someone’s Worldview Will Be In Effect

In one way or another, someone’s worldview will be in effect. Whether it’s:

  • a teacher’s,
  • the philosophy, method, and content of curriculum
  • legislation
  • various forms of a government
  • or home government

Covenant-keepers are Christians who remain within the agreement of thinking and living according to God’s principles. They know and believe that they are ambassadors of Christ and that there is a natural outworking of the internal changes within them because of Christ. And, they embrace the following:

Psalm 33:12a:

“Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord;”

Proverbs 29:2,

“When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: But when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.”

-King James Version

Curriculum Counsel

My counsel to Christian parents regarding curriculum is to be cautious of any one claiming that subjects are neutral—whether the subject is history or any other subject because subjects aren’t neutral. Education isn’t neutral.

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